Anime (アニメ) is a style of animation originating in Japan. Anime is characterized by character and background styles which may be created by hand or may be assisted by computers. Storylines may feature a variety of characters and may be set in different locations and in different eras. Anime is aimed at a broad range of audiences because there are a wide range of different genres that any series may be categorised under. Anime may be broadcast on television, distributed on media, such as DVDs, or published as console and computer games. Anime is often influenced by Japanese comics known as manga. Anime may also be adapted into live action television programs.

Anime Terminology

The Japanese term for animation is アニメーション (animēshon, pronounced: /ɑnimɛːʃɔn/), written in katakana. It is a direct transliteration and reborrowed loanword of the English term "animation." The Japanese term is abbreviated as アニメ (anime, pronounced: /ɑnimɛ/ ). Both the original and abbreviated forms are valid and interchangeable in Japanese, but as could be expected the abbreviated form is more commonly used. The term is a broad one, and does not specify an animation's nation of origin or style.

Anime Pronunciation

A life-size model of a robot from the animation Laputa on top of the Ghibli Museum in Mitaka, TokyoThe English word anime is a transliteration of the abbreviated version of this Japanese term, and it is typically pronounced as /ˈ�nɪˌmei/, or "ANN ih may" ("AH nee may" is a less common variant).

Some theorize the word comes from the French anim� ("animated") or "les dessins anim�s" (animated drawings) and pronounce it as "ah nee MAY", though the Japanese themselves deny this theory, and the fact that it is written in Japanese syllables as アニメ (anime) rather than アニメイ (animei) further lowers its credibility.

As with a few other Japanese words such as Pok�mon and Kobo Ab�, anime is sometimes spelled as anim� in English with an acute accent over the final e to cue the reader that the letter is pronounced as [e]. Hence, the pronunciations "ah NEEM" and "uh NEEM" are generally considered incorrect. Usage of anim� (with the accent over the "e") has fallen out of general use in recent years and is rarely used anymore, in part due to anime becoming more well known in popular culture in the West.

Anime Syntax

Anime can be used as a common noun, "Do you watch anime?", as a mass noun, "How much anime have you collected" or as a suppletive adjective, "The anime Guyver is different from the movie Guyver".

Anime Synonyms

Anime is sometimes referred to by the portmanteau Japanimation, but this term has fallen into disuse. It saw the most usage during the 1970s and 1980s, which broadly comprise the first and second waves of anime fandom. The term survived at least into the early 1990s but seemed to fade away shortly before the mid-1990s anime resurgence. In general, the term now only appears in nostalgic contexts. The term Japanimation is much more commonly used in Japan to refer to domestic animation. Since anime or animeshon is used to describe all forms of animation, Japanimation is meant to distinguish Japanese work from that of the rest of the world.

In more recent years, anime has also frequently been referred to as manga in Europe, a practice that may stem from the Japanese usage. In Japan, manga can refer to both animation and comics (although the use of "manga" to refer to animation is mostly restricted to non-fans). Among English speakers, manga usually has the stricter meaning of "Japanese comics". An alternate explanation is that it is due to the prominence of Manga Entertainment, a distributor of anime to the US and UK markets. This term is much more common in Europe since Manga Entertainment started out in the UK.

(Article based on Wikipedia article and used under the GNU Free Documentation License)

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