Shibuya Station is one of the key focal points of Shibuya. Shibuya Station is the third busiest train station in Tokyo.
Shibuya Station (渋谷駅, Shibuya-eki) is a train station located in Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan. With 2.4 million passengers on an average weekday in 2004, it is the third-busiest commuter rail station in Tokyo (after Shinjuku and Ikebukuro), handling a large amount of commuter traffic between the center city and suburbs to the south and west.
The main station building is occupied by a Tokyu department store. The Tokyo Metro Ginza Line, originally built and operated by a Tokyu keiretsu company, uses platforms on the third floor. The JR lines and Tōkyū Tōyoko Line use parallel platforms on the second floor, while the Tokyo Metro Hanzōmon Line and Tōkyū Den-en-toshi Line share platforms underground, and the Keiō Inokashira Line uses platforms on the second floor of the Shibuya Mark City building to the west of the main station complex. The Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line is scheduled to open in 2007, and the Tōyoko Line station will thereafter be moved underground to allow through service between the two lines starting in 2012.
Shibuya Station Layout
There are six exits from the main JR/Tōkyū/Tōkyō Metro complex. The Hachikō Exit (ハチ公口, Hachikō-guchi) on the west side, named for the nearby statue of the dog Hachikō and adjacent to Shibuya's famous scramble crossing, is a particularly popular meeting spot. The Tamagawa Exit (玉川口, Tamagawa-guchi) on the west side leads to the Keiō Inokashira Line station.
Hachiko - Shibuya Station
Hachiko is a famous statue of a dog who possessed legendary
loyalty to his owner. It is also the name of one of the many exits
from Shibuya Station and the prime meeting place before a night out.
Just hanging out near Hachiko for a while will give you some great
Hachiko belonged to Professor Ueno Saburo�s, who loved Hachi a lot. Hachi always went to see the master off and wait for his return at the Shibuya station everyday even in terrible weather. After the Professor's death, Hachi continued to wait at the station for his master's return.
Statue of Hachiko - the faithful dog.
Shibuya Station Lines
Saikyō Line / Shōnan-Shinjuku Line - also used by Narita Express trains
Yamanote Line - unusual platform configuration, with both train lines on the same side (east) of platform
Keiō Inokashira Line - terminal station
Tōkyū Den-en-toshi Line - through service with Hanzōmon Line
Tōkyū Tōyoko Line - terminal station
Tōkyō Metro Ginza Line - terminal station
Tōkyō Metro Hanzōmon Line - through service with Tōkyū Den-en-toshi Line
Tōkyō Metro Fukutoshin Line - under construction, to open in 2008; will have through service to Tōkyū Tōyoko Line beginning in 2012
Note that there is no direct connection between the two Tōkyō Metro lines, or between the two Tōkyū lines.
Shibuya Station History
Shibuya Station first opened on March 1, 1885 as a stop on the Shinagawa Line, a predecessor of the present-day Yamanote Line. The station was later expanded to accommodate the Tamagawa Railway (1907; closed 1969), the Tōkyō Line (1927), the Teito Shibuya Line (1933; now the Inokashira Line), the Tōkyō Rapid Railway (1938; began through service with the Ginza Line in 1939 and formally merged in 1941), the Den-en-toshi Line (1977) and the Hanzōmon Line (1978).
Shibuya Station Interesting Note
There is an underground river running under the station, to the east and parallel to the JR tracks. Unlike most other Japanese department stores, the east block of Tokyu department store (which constitute the east exit of the station) does not have retail space in the basement because of this. An escalator in the east block built over the river stops a few steps above floor level to make space for machinery underneath without digging. Rivers are deemed public space by Japanese law, so building over one is normally illegal. It is not clear why this was allowed when it was first built in 1933.