TOKYO INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT

Tokyo International Airport - The main international airport for Tokyo is Narita Airport.

Despite its name, Tokyo International Airport is mainly a domestic airport with almost all international traffic going through Narita Airport.

Tokyo International Airport (Japanese: 東京国際空港 Tōkyō Kokusai Kūkō) (IATA: HND, ICAO: RJTT) is an airport in Ota, Tokyo, Japan. It is more commonly known as Haneda Airport (羽田空港 Haneda Kūkō).

By passenger throughput, Haneda is the busiest airport in Asia and the fourth-busiest airport in the world, handling 63 million passengers annually.

Haneda Airport handled most of Tokyo's air traffic until the opening of New Tokyo International Airport, now known as Narita International Airport. Except for flights to Gimpo Airport in Seoul and some international charter flights, it now handles domestic flights exclusively. Despite this, it remains classified as a first class airport.

Terminal 2 opened on 1 December 2004. A third runway is under construction and a third terminal for international flights is being planned.

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Airlines Using Haneda

Passenger Terminal 1 ("Big Bird", west domestic terminal)

Japan Airlines (Akita, Amami/Oshima, Aomori, Asahikawa, Fukuoka, Hakodate, Hiroshima, Izumo, Kagoshima, Kitakyushu, Kochi, Komatsu, Kumamoto, Kushiro, Matsuyama, Memanbetsu, Misawa, Miyazaki, Nagasaki, Nankishirahama, Oita, Okayama, Okinawa, Osaka Itami, Osaka Kansai, Sapporo Chitose, Takamatsu, Tokachi/Obihiro, Tokushima, Toyama, Yamagata, Yamaguchiube)
Japan Transocean Air (Ishigaki, Kumejima, Miyako, Okinawa)
Skymark Airlines (Fukuoka, Kagoshima, Tokushima)
Skynet Asia Airways (Kumamoto, Miyazaki)

Passenger Terminal 2 (east domestic terminal)

Terminal 2 opened on 1 December 2004. It features an open-air rooftop restaurant, a six-story "marketplace" area with restaurants and shops, and the 387-room Haneda Excel Tokyu Hotel.

Air Do (Hokkaido International Airlines) (Asahikawa, Sapporo Chitose)
All Nippon Airways (Akita, Fukuoka, Hachijojima, Hakodate, Hiroshima, Ishigaki, Iwami, Kagoshima, Kochi, Komatsu, Kumamoto, Kushiro, Matsuyama, Miyakejima, Miyazaki, Monbetsu, Nagasaki, Nemuro/Nakashibetsu, Noto, Odate, OkayamaOkinawa, Oita, Osaka Itami, Osaka Kansai, Oshima, Saga, Sapporo Chitose, Shonai, Takamatsu, Tottori, Toyama, Wakkanai, Yonago)

International Terminal - Haneda

Haneda's international terminal has two gates, which handle four flights a day to and from Seoul Gimpo Airport. These flights are operated by All Nippon Airways, Asiana Airlines, Japan Airlines, and Korean Air. The terminal sometimes handles charter flights in the evening and early morning hours.

The international terminal is connected to the main terminal by a shuttle bus, which runs every five minutes during the day.

A major expansion or replacement of the international terminal is in the planning stage.

Ground transportation - Haneda

Rail

Tokyo Monorail station at Terminal 1.Haneda Airport is served by the Keihin Kyuko Railway and Tokyo Monorail. The monorail has two stations, one in each terminal; Keikyu operates a single station between the terminals.

Keikyu offers trains to Shinagawa Station (19 min., �400) and Yokohama Station (27 min., �470), and through service to the Toei Asakusa Line, which makes several stops in eastern Tokyo. Some Keikyu trains also run through to the Keisei Oshiage Line and Keisei Main Line, making it possible to reach Narita International Airport by train. Although a few direct trains run in the morning, a transfer along the Keisei Line is generally necessary to reach Narita International Airport. The train ride to Narita International Airport takes about 2 hours and costs �1,560.

Tokyo Monorail offers trains to Hamamatsucho Station (�470), where passengers can connect to the Yamanote Line to reach other points in Tokyo. Express trains make the nonstop run from Haneda Airport to Hamamatsucho in 16 minutes.

Bus
There is also regular bus service to many points in the Kanto region. The following travel times are scheduled, and may be longer due to frequent traffic jams around Tokyo.

Yokohama Station � 30 min., �560
Tokyo Station � 40 min., �900
Tokyo City Air Terminal
Shinjuku Station � 50 min., �1,200
Ikebukuro Station � 70 min., �1,200
Narita International Airport � 75 min., �3,000
Chiba Station � 80 min., �1,330

Haneda Airport History

  • 1931: Tokyo Airport opens.
  • 1945: U.S. occupation forces take over the airport, renaming it Haneda AFB.
  • 1947: Northwest Airlines begins scheduled flights from Haneda to the United States, Korea, China, and the Philippines.
  • 1951: Japan Airlines begins its first domestic operations from Haneda.
  • 1958: The U.S. military completes the return of the airport to Japan.
  • 1961: Instrument landing system becomes operational.
  • 1964: Tokyo Monorail opens, linking Haneda to the city centre.
  • 1970: New International Terminal is completed.
  • 1974: On 21 April, all Tokyo-Taipei flights are discontinued following the normalization of Japanese relations with the People's Republic of China. Japan Asia Airways takes over Tokyo-Taipei flights the following year.
  • 1978: New Tokyo International Airport (now known as Narita International Airport) opens. All international flights, except for those to Taiwan, Republic of China are moved to NTIA by the end of the year, and customs/immigration facilities are removed from the main terminal to allow it to accommodate more domestic passengers.
  • 1982: Japan Airlines flight 350 crashes near the airport.
  • 12 August 1985: Japan Airlines flight 123, bound for Osaka International Airport, Itami/Toyonaka, loses control and crashes into a mountain after takeoff from Haneda; it is the worst single-aircraft disaster in history, with over 500 dead.
  • 1991: The Japanese government's Boeing 747, used for transporting government delegations overseas, is based at Haneda.
  • 1993: The West Passenger Terminal opens.
  • 1999: All Nippon Airways Flight 61 is hijacked shortly after takeoff. The hijacker kills the pilot before he is subdued; the aircraft lands safely.
  • 2000: JAL, ANA, and JAS launch "shuttle service" from Haneda to Osaka International Airport and Kansai International Airport.
  • 2002: China Airlines moves its Taipei and Honolulu flights to Narita, temporarily ending HND's scheduled international services.
  • 2003: JAL, ANA, KAL and Asiana service to Gimpo Airport near Seoul, Korea starts, providing a "city to city" service.
  • 1 December 2004: Terminal 2 opens. Reserved for ANA and Air Do, Terminal 1 now reserved for JAL, Skymark and Skynet Asia Airways.

(Article based on Wikipedia article and used under the GNU Free Documentation License)

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