Japan Public Holidays for 2016 includes all the national public holidays. Japan doesn't have any regional public holidays.

Over recent years many of the Japan public holidays have been moved to a Monday, thus creating a long weekend. Japan Bank Holidays are in addition to the Japan public holidays.

Japan Public Holidays include Japanese New Year where people visit Shrines - Kamigamo Shrine

Japanese New Year includes shrine visits - Kamigamo Shrine

Japan Public Holidays 2016

01 January (Friday) New Year's Day - Ganjitsu
New Year's Day is a national public holiday in Japan when many people travel back to their family's home town or village. Many businesses close for additional days prior to this major holiday including December 29th, 30th and 31st .
11 January (Monday) Coming of Age Day - Seijin no Hi
Coming of Age Day celebrates all those people who have reached the adult age (20 years). Ceremonies are held throughout Japan on this day where many of the young women dress in the very beautiful formal kimono for unmarried women, the Furisode. Seijin no Hi, a national public holiday, has been celebrated on the second Monday of January every year since the year 2000.
11 February (Thursday) Foundation Day - Kenkoku Kinen no Hi
Foundation Day commemorates the Japanese nation and is a national public holiday. February 11th is said to be the day that Emperor Jimmu accended to the throne in 660BC, however this is more myth than truth as there was little in the way of cities at this time and Japan didn't become one nation until almost two thousand years later.
21 March (Monday) Vernal Equinox Day - Shunbun no Hi
Vernal Equinox Day celebrates the day of equal day light and night leading towards summer and is a national public holiday. Prior to 1948, the Vernal Equinox was the day when the festival for Imperial Ancester Worship (Shunki korei-sai) were held.
29 April (Friday) Showa Day - Showa no Hi
Showa Day was the birthday of immediately past Emperor, Hirohito, who was officially known as Emperor Showa. Showa Day, a national public holiday, is now as much a time to reflect on the Showa Period (December 25, 1926 - January 7, 1989), the dramatic events and changes that occurred during this time. Showa Day is the start of the Golden Week holiday period.
03 May (Tuesday) Constitution Memorial Day - Kenpo Kinenbi
Constitution Memorial Day celebrates the day when Japan's democratic and pacifist constitution took effect in 1947. Since 1948 Constitution Memorial Day has been a national public holiday which also forms part of the Golden Week holiday period.
04 May (Wednesday) Greenery Day - Midori no Hi
Greenery Day is a day to reflect on all that nature has provided for the people of Japan. Greenery Day is a national public holiday which also forms part of the Golden Week holiday period.
05 May (Thursday) Children's Day - Kodomo no Hi
Children's Day is a celebration of children's happiness and to express gratitude to their mothers. Children's Day is a national public holiday and the last day of the Golden Week holiday period. As part of the celebrations held on Children's Day families fly carp shaped flags, koinobori, which appear to swimming in the air. Traditionally there were koinobori flown for the father, mother and each son, however in recent times there is one for each child. Prior to 1948 there had been separate Boy's Day (Tango no Sekku) and Girls' Day (Hinamatsuri).
18 July (Monday) Marine Day - Umi no Hi
Marine Day is a celebration of produce and productivity that the oceans provide the nation of Japan. Marine Day is a national public holiday which is held on the third Monday of July every year since 2003. As Japan is a nation of islands, it is very much a maritime nation, where much of its food comes from the oceans and where the oceans are used to transport materials and wealth.
11 August (Thursday) Mountain Day - Yama no Hi
Mountain Day is a national public holiday to celebrate and appreciate the mountains of Japan. The 11th of August 2016 is the first time this holiday is to be celebrated.
19 September (Monday) Respect for the Aged Day - Keiro no Hi
Respect for the Aged Day is a national public holiday to celebrate the elderly members of society and long life itself. Respect for the Aged Day, which occurs on the third Monday of September, replaced the Old Folks' Day in 1966, which occurred on September 15th.
22 September (Thursday) Autumnal Equinox Day - Shubun no Hi
Autumnal Equinox Day celebrates the day of equal day light and night leading towards winter and is a national public holiday. Autumnal Equinox Day is a day for honoring of ancestors and remembering the dead.
10 October (Monday) Health Sports Day - Taiiku no Hi
Health Sports Day when people take part in community sports events also commemorates the 1964 Tokyo Olympics. This national public holiday, which started in 1966, was originally held on the October 10th, the date of the 1964 Tokyo Olympics Open Ceremony, but in 2000 was changed to the second Monday of October to create a long weekend.
03 November (Thursday) Culture Day - Bunka no Hi
Officially Culture Day is the celebration of the announcement the new post war constitution on November 3rd 1946 and became a national public holiday in 1948. However prior to this, the date was already a national public holiday to commemorate Emperor Meiji's birthday. The day was known in Japanese as Meiji-setsu.
23 November (Wednesday) Labor Thanksgiving Day - Kinro Kansha no Hi
Labor Thanksgiving Day is the modern name for what was known as the Imperial Harvest Festival, Niiname-sai. This national public holiday was renamed in 1948 to focus on Japan's move away from an agrarian society to a modern nation with a large manufacturing industry, where the Imperial family played less of a roll in daily life.
23 December (Friday) The Emperor's Birthday - Tenno Tanjobi
The Emperor's Birthday is a national public holiday to celebrate the birth of the reigning emperor. Emperor Akihito was born on this day in 1933. As part of the celebrations the public are allow to enter the grounds of the Tokyo Imperial Palace, which is normally only possible as part of an organised tour, where they are greeted by the Imperial Family on from the palace balcony. The crowd wave small Japanese flags as a part of their well wishes to the Emperor.




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