SHIGA PREFECTURE

Shiga Prefecture is located to the North West of Kyoto. The capital of Shiga Prefecture is Otsu, but the prefecture is dominated by Lake Biwa, the largest lake in Japan.

Much of the history of Shiga Prefecture revolves around Kyoto, particularly when it was the capital of Japan. Shiga Prefecture attractions include Hikone Castle (one of the four best preserved Japanese Castle), Enyakuji Temple complex (World Heritage Site), Chikubushima Island, the town of Nagahama and Lake Biwa.

Enryakuji Temple, Shiga Prefecture

Enryakuji Temple, Shiga Prefecture

SHIGA PREFECTURE MAP



SHIGA PREFECTURE ATTRACTIONS

SHIGA PREFECTURES

Shiga Prefecture

Shiga Prefecture
Shiga Prefecture is to the North West of Kyoto in the Kansai region. The capital of Shiga Prefecture is Otsu, but the prefecture is dominated by Lake Biwa, the largest lake in Japan. Much of...

SHIGA PREFECTURE CAPITAL

Otsu
Otsu is the capital of Shiga Prefecture and is on next to Lake Biwa and close to Kyoto. Otsu was the capital of Japan (667AD) before it was largely destroyed in the Jinshin War and the capit...

SHIGA DISTRICTS

Biwako

Biwako
Biwako refers to the area around Lake Biwa, the largest lake in Japan, in Shiga Prefecture. The main city around Lake Biwa and the capital of Shiga Prefecture is Otsu, which is close to Kyot...

SHIGA MAIN CITIES and TOWNS

Hikone

Hikone
Hikone is a historically significant castle city to the North West of Kyoto, but in Shiga Prefecture. Hikone is on the edge of Lake Biwa, the largest lake in Japan. Much of the history of Hi...

Nagahama

Nagahama
Nagahama is a charming castle town, next to Lake Biwa in Shiga Prefecture and close to Kyoto. Shiga features many historical attractions including the reconstructed Nagahama Castle, the form...

SHIGA ISLANDS

Chikubushima Island

Chikubushima Island
Chikubushima Island is a small island on Lake Biwa Shiga, near Kyoto. Chikubushima Island features famous scenery, Hogonji Temple, Tuskubusuma Jinja Shrine and forest....

SHIGA CASTLES

Azuchi Castle
Azuchi Castle is a hill top style Japanese Castle, almost directly above Lake Sainoko and close to the shore of Lake Biwa in Shiga Prefecture not far from Kyoto. Oda Nobunaga order the const...

Hikone Castle

Hikone Castle
Hikone Castle is a hilltop style Japanese Castle in Hikone Shiga Prefecture near Lake Biwa, the largest lake in Japan. Hikone Castle is one of the oldest intact Japanese castles and is class...

Kannonji Castle
Kannonji Castle was a hilltop style Japanese Castle on the peak of Mt Kinugasa in Azuchi Shiga Prefecture, not far from Kyoto and close to the location of Azuchi Castle. The name for Kannonj...

Minakuchi Castle
Minakuchi Castle, also known as Hekisui Castle, is a plain style Japanese Castle in Koka Shiga Prefecture. Tokugawa Iemitsu ordered the construction of Minakuchi Castle, which was completed ...

Nagahama Castle

Nagahama Castle
Nagahama Castle, in Nagahama Shiga Prefecture, is a 1983 concrete reconstruction of the castle built in 1576. This castle was demolished in 1615 with parts and materials used in the construc...

Odani Castle
Odani Castle was a hilltop style Japanese Castle on Mt Odani in Kohoku Shiga Prefecture. Odani Castle was built by the Azai clan, but fell to Oda Noburnaga in a siege. Odani Castle is consid...

Omi Hachiman Castle
Omi Hachiman Castle was a hilltop style Japanese Castle on Mt Hachiman in Omi Hachiman Shiga Prefecture. Omi Hachiman Castle commanded a great view of the plain below including a large part ...

Otsu Castle
Otsu Castle was a flatland style Japanese Castle in the city of Otsu in Shiga Prefecture and near Lake Biwa, the largest lake in Japan and the former capital of Japan, Kyoto. Toyotomi Hideyo...

Sakamoto Castle
Sakamoto Castle was a flatland style Japanese Castle on the shoreline of Lake Biwa in Sakamoto Shiga Prefecture. Sakamoto Castle was the home base for Akechi Mitsuhide, an aid to Nobunaga, w...

Sawayama Castle
Sawayama Castle was a hilltop style Japanese Castle on Mt Sawa in Hikone Shiga Prefecture. Sawayama Castle was built by the Azai clan, but control transferred to Ishida Mitsunari after the d...

SHIGA LANDMARKS

Azuchi-Hachiman
Azuchi-Hachiman in the Nishi-no-ko Lake area of the greater Lake Biwa Shiga Prefecture, from Omi Hachiman to Azuchi, is Japan's largest waterfront area....

Keiunkan Guest House

Keiunkan Guest House
Keiunkan Guest House in Nagahama, was built in 1887 by Asami Matazo for the visit of Emperor Meiji, who was passing through Nagahama on his way to Kyoto....

Omatsuzaki
Omatsuzaki is one of the eight most scenic spots around Lake Biwa. The White Beach of Omatsuzaki is where the depth of the water suddenly changes, and the water - so clear it's as if one cou...

SHIGA TEMPLES

Enryakuji Temple

Enryakuji Temple
Enryakuji Temple is a Buddhist temple, which was established in 788 on Mt Hiei, where it looks over Kyoto. Enryakuji Temple expanded over the years to become a large temple complex and is a ...

Gansan Daishi-do (Shikikodo) Enryakuji Temple

Gansan Daishi-do (Shikikodo) Enryakuji Temple
Gansan Daishi-do (Shikikodo) Enryakuji Temple is the old site of the house of Gansan Daishi (Jie Daishi). Later it became to be called Shikikodo (Four Seasons Lecture Hall) as lectures of Ho...

Hogonji Temple

Hogonji Temple
Hogonji Temple is a Buddhist temple on Chikubushima Island in Lake Biwa Shiga Prefecture, near Kyoto. Hogonji Temple features the National Tresure, a Karamon Gate which was for Shogun Toyoto...

Hokkesoji-in Enryakuji Temple

Hokkesoji-in Enryakuji Temple
Hokkesoji-in Enryakuji Temple is the central treasure tower of Tendai Buddhism and is part of the large Enyakuji Temple complex which is a World Heritage Site....

Mii-dera Temple
Mii-dera Temple is a Buddhist temple, that is the head temple for the Tendai Jimon Buddhist sect one of the four largest temple complexes in Japan. Mii-dera Temple is at the base of Mt Hiei ...

SHIGA SHRINES

Hiyoshi Taisha Shrine
Hiyoshi Taisha Shrine is a Shinto Shrine in Otsu (Shiga Prefecture) near Kyoto. Hiyoshi Taisha Shrine was established around the 8th century, however the original building were destroyed by ...

Nagahama Hachimangu Shrine
Nagahama Hachimangu Shrine is famous for its festival which is held annually around the 13-16th of April. The festival features brightly decorated floats and kabuki theater performed by boys...

Tenson Shrine
Tenson Shrine is a Shinto Shrine in the city of Otsu, near Lake Biwa, Shiga Prefecture (close to Kyoto). Tenson Shrine was established in 782AD and later purified by Emperor Heizei in 806AD ...

Tuskubusuma Shrine

Tuskubusuma Shrine
Tuskubusuma Shrine is a Shinto Shrine on Chikubushima Island in Lake Biwa Shiga Prefecture, near Kyoto. The Honden (Main Hall) was a special guesthouse in Fushimi Castle to invite the Empero...

SHIGA MUSEUMS and ART GALLERIES

Hikone Castle Museum
Hikone Castle Museum is within the inner moat of Hikone Castle Hikone Shiga Prefecture). Hikone Castle Museum features many artistic handicrafts from the Hikone Clan are displayed here, incl...

Nagahama Castle History Museum

Nagahama Castle History Museum
Nagahama Castle History Museum is within the reconstructed Nagahama Castle, Nagahama Shiga Prefecture....

Nagahama Railway Square

Nagahama Railway Square
Nagahama Railway Square is a railway museum which exhibits old Nagahama Station and the history of Nagahama Railway. Old Nagahama Station was built in 1882, which is the oldest existing rail...

SHIGA GARDENS and PARKS

Genkyuen Garden

Genkyuen Garden
Genkyuen Garden is in the grounds of the famous Hikone Castle. Genkyuen Garden is modelled on a detached palace of Emperor Genso of the Tang dynasty in ancient China, this Chisen-kaiyu style...

Ho Koen
Ho Koen on the edge of Lake Biwa in Nagahama, is famous for its cherry blossom and is considered one of Japan's Top 100 Cherry Blossom Spots. Ho Koen also contains the reconstructed Nagahama...

Kaizu-Osaki
Kaizu-Osaki is a famous view with its pink cherry trees in full bloom against the dark blue waters of Lake Biwa, the rocks sticking out prominently from the water, and lush green mountains w...

SHIGA MOUNTAINS

Mt Hiei

Mt Hiei
Mt Hiei is a sacred mountain for Japanese people, which over looks Kyoto....

Mt Shizugatake
Mt Shizugatake in Shiga Prefecture separates Lake Biwa from Lake Yogo. Mt Shizugatake looks over the area where the significant Battle of Shizugatake took place in May 1583....

SHIGA LAKES and BAYS

Lake Biwa

Lake Biwa
Lake Biwa is a picturesque lake Shiga Prefecture near Kyoto and is the largest lake in Japan. Lake Biwa is famous for its scenery and fishing, however its size, location and proximity to Kyo...

SHIGA BRIDGES

Kara Bridge
Kara Bridge over Seta River, near Lake Biwa in Shiga Prefecture is one of the three major historical bridges in Japan....

SHIGA PORTS and FERRY TERMINALS

Nagahama Port

Nagahama Port
Nagahama Port is the area of Nagahama on the edge of Lake Biwa Shiga Prefecture where pleasure and cruise boats take tourists for rides on Lake Biwa....

Author: Craig Fryer

Japan

SHIGA

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