Introduction

Miyajima with the floating torii of Itsukushima Shrine are one of the most famous scenes of Japan. The sacred island of Miyajima features many beautiful views. Miyajima Island (official known as Itsukushima Island) floats like a diamond in the Inland Sea of Japan. From the misty beginnings of Japanese history Miyajima Island has been considered one of the most scenic places in Japan. For more than a thousand years, out of respect for the Miyajima Gods, no one dared to live on the island. Visitors to the island, who were mainly fishermen, would always leave the Island at the end of each day.

The first Itsukushima Shrine was founded in 593AD. As the land of the island was considered to be so sacred the shrine was built over water. When people eventually inhabited Miyajima Island they were forbidden to till the soil, give birth, die or be buried in the sacred ground. Even today there are no hospitals or cemeteries on Miyajima Island.

There are two parts to Miyajima; the coast region which is the most popular as it features Itsukushima Shrine, Otorii, accommodation, shops and many temples and shrines. The other part is the Mt Misen region, which contains some significant temples and shrines including the source of Flame of Peace for Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park.

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